Gardeners usually dig, or turn over the top layer of soil before planting to get rid of weeds and make it easier to use fertilizers and to plant crops. This also speeds up the decomposition of crop residue, weeds and other organic matter. Tilling the soil is often the most back-breaking of a gardener’s tasks. By switching to ‘no-till’ methods, you won’t have to do the heavy tilling or shovel work which so many gardeners suffer through each spring.
The ‘No-till’ gardening is a gardening method in which the soil is never disturbed, thereby protecting the complex subsoil environment for the benefit of growing plants. Once the bed is established the surface is never disturbed. Additions such as compost, loam and fresh manure are simply added to the top of the garden beds and over time they will be incorporated into the subsoil by watering. There is no need to dig anything into the soil. With ‘no-till’ gardening, weeding is basically eliminated from the process. By using mulch, it blocks weeds from emerging, and any weeds which do emerge are easy to pull out because the soil is always moist. This moist, spongy soil is also the perfect medium to boost the growth of your seedlings and transplants. This process mimics the way plants grow in nature.
· Promotes natural aeration and drainage.
· Saves water.
· Reduces or eliminates the need to weed.
· Saves time and energy.
· No-till gardening helps soil retain carbon.
· Builds earthworm population.
· Helps reduce soil erosion.